The Cadet Corps Committee which was formed on 29 Sep 1946 with Pt HN Kunzru as chairman held six meetings in South Block, New Delhi. At the same time, Pt HN Kunzru formed sub-committees which were sent on study tours in all the main provinces of pre-independent India including provinces which are now located in Bangladesh and Pakistan. One sub-committee was also sent on tour to Great Britain and France from 15 Feb 1947 to 31 Mar 1947 to study the Youth and Cadet organisations in those countries.
The Cadet Corps Committee carried out exhaustive study of the problem of youth in India. Its sub-committees after their tour at home and abroad submitted their report to the Govt of India in Mar 1947. Soon after the report was submitted, a far reaching political development began to impact the country, due to which the Cadet Corps Scheme had to be kept in abeyance. The religious strife which then was at its zenith, ultimately led to the partition of the country into India and Pakistan.
On the stroke of midnight of 14/15 Aug 1947, India achieved her independence. Immediately after independence, India was confronted with problems of formidable magnitude concerning not only repatriation of millions of displaced persons from Pakistan but also a full scale invasion of Kashmir by the Armed tribesmen supported by Pakistan. The armed forces had to rush to retrieve Kashmir at a time when they were already pre-occupied with the internal problem of maintaining law and order during the country’s initial stage of consolidation.
The war in Kashmir and the consequent loss of a portion of Indian territory; the open support of Western Powers to Pakistan in the Security Council of the United Nations, made it more than evident to the Indian leaders that they not only had to strengthen the Armed Forces but also create sufficient strength of reserves, who could take up arms, when required. The gravity of time and event found expression in the Indian Legislature through anxious and pressing demand for military training of young men and women throughout the country.
At this juncture, Prime Minister Pt Jawahar Lal Nehru at the behest of Sardar Baldev Singh, the then Defence Minister and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, then Home Minister, took out the Kunzuru Committee Report for a serious studyfrom the shelves of the Defence Department. On 05 Dec 1947, after being approved by the Defence Committee the copy of the Cadet Corps Committee Report was sent to the Chief Secretaries and Chief Commissioners of all Provincial Govts (now called State Govts) for their comments. The consent of Provincial Govts were required because they were responsible for the administration of the educational institutions in their respective provinces and thus the success of the Cadet Corps scheme largely depended on their initiative. Replies received from the provinces in Jan 1948, show that they all agreed in principal with the Cadet Corps Scheme submitted by the Kunzuru Committee.
Birth of the National Cadet Corps
The Kashmir War of 1948 taught a very important lesson to India, that freedom needs to be protected by strong Armed Forces. Its immediate manifestation was that the recommendations of Kunzuru committee were placed before the Constituent Assembly (Legislature) on 13 Mar 1948. A draft Bill was sent to the Constituent Assembly (Legislative) on 19 Mar 1948, which evoked great interest and enthusiasm amongst all members. After due deliberations and amendments, the Bill was passed by the Assembly on 08 Apr 1948. The Central Govt accepted the opinion of the Provincial Govts and the Standing Committee’s recommendations for the formation of a Cadet Corps which was to be named as “National Cadet Corps”, as recommended by the Kunzuru Committee.
The Bill received the assent of the Governor General on 16 Apr 1948, and the National Cadet Corps came into being by an Act of the Parliament Act No. XXXI of 1948 designated ‘The National Cadet Corps Act 1948’. This Act with 13 clauses, prescribed the formation of the National Cadet Corps in India.
The first step in the process of raising of the NCC was setting up of the NCC Secretariat now called Headquarters Directorate General NCC. In fact, even before the NCC Bill was passed by the Constituent Assembly (Legislative), the Ministry of Defence had set up the nucleus of the NCC Secretariat, with Col (later retired as Chief of Army Staff) Gopal Gurunath Bewoor as first Director of the NCC. He took over as Director of NCC on 31 Mar 1948.
Inauguration of NCC
The schools and colleges opened after summer vacation and the NCC of Independent India was inaugurated on 15 Jul 1948. The journey of this Indian youth organisation, which has now become the largest uniformed youth organisation in the world had begun.
In the year 1948 a total of 96 units of Senior Division were raised, comprising variety of units to include one Armoured Corps, three Artillery, five Engineers, two Signals and two Medical – and 83 companies of Infantry. As there was some delay in the establishment of NCC in UP, Madras and Bihar, whose Govts wanted every student joining NCC to be verified by police prior to enrolment, only 20,000 cadets had joined the NCC in the year 1948. The raising of the Junior Division units did not progress well owing to shortage of trained school teachers. The main difficulty was that adequate number of teachers of the desired quality did not come forward to work as NCC officers. There were various administrative reasons attributed to this. Sometimes, colleges and schools were not in a position to spare the teaching staff except during the summer vacation. Thus the NCC which has now13 lakh cadets on its rolls, had started with 20,000 cadets in 1948.
The ‘Aims’ of the NCC laid out in 1988 have stood the test of time and continue to meet the requirements expected of it in the current socio–economic scenario of the country. The NCC aims at developing character, comradeship, discipline, a secular outlook, the spirit of adventure and ideals of selfless service amongst young citizens. Further, it aims at creating a pool of organized, trained and motivated youth with leadership qualities in all walks of life, who will serve the Nation regardless of which career they choose. Needless to say, the NCC also provides an environment conducive to motivating young Indians to join the armed forces.
- To Create a Human Resource of Organized, Trained and Motivated Youth, To Provide Leadership in all Walks of life and be Always Available for the Service of the Nation.
- To Provide a Suitable Environment to Motivate the Youth to Take Up a Career in the Armed Forces.
- To develop character, comradeship, discipline, leadership, secular outlook, spirit of adventure, and ideals of selfless service amongst the youth of the country.
The need for having motto for the Corps was discussed in the 11th Central Advisory Committee (CAC) meeting held on 11 Aug 1978. The mottos suggested were “Duty and Discipline”; “Duty, Unity and Discipline”; “Duty and Unity”; “Unity and Discipline”. The final decision for selection of “Unity and Discipline” as motto for the NCC was taken in the 12th CAC meeting held on 12 Oct 1980.
The NCC flag for various units of the NCC was first introduced in 1951. The flag was of same pattern, colour and size as was used by various regiments of the Army. The only difference was that it had the NCC badge and unit designation placed in the centre. Later on it was felt that the flag should be in keeping with the inter-service character of the Corps. In 1954 the existing tricolour flag was introduced. The three colours in the flag depict the three services of the Corps, red for the Army, deep blue for the Navy and light blue for the Air Force. The letters NCC and the NCC crest in gold in the middle of the flag encircled by a wreath of lotus, give the flag a colourful look and a distinct identity.
The desirability of composing a NCC song was considered in the Circle Commanders (now called DDGs) Conference held in January 1956 and all circles were asked to send their proposals. The official song of the NCC – “Kadam Mila Ke Chal” was adopted in 1963, and registered in 1969 with the approval of the Ministry of Defence. In 1974, it was felt that the NCC song had failed to catch the imagination of the youth, and there was a need for a change. A sustained process began; entries were invited from Directorates for suitable lyrics; 107 entries were received; of which eight were selected by a Board of Officers. However, all the eight were considered sub standard by Dr Nagendra of Delhi University, who was the judge. On the suggestion of Dr Nagendra, the task was entrusted to Shri Chiranjit, the Chief Producer, Drama Division, AIR, Delhi.
The song written by Shri Chiranjit was approved, in 1976. The Maharashtra Directorate was asked to get the song composed and recorded with the help of Shri Raj Kapoor, and the Films Division, Bombay. However, nothing much came out of this exercise as Shri Raj Kapoor was then busy in making his film “Satyam Shivam Sundaram” and the studios of the Films Division were under renovation. Later, Shri Mahinder Singh Bedi, a well known poet of Delhi, was requested to write another song. This effort also proved infructuous. AEC Centre Pachmarhi was also approached, but somehow the matter could not be finalized.
Almost during the same period and independent of efforts at Directorate General NCC, the Film Division undertook production of a documentary on NCC ‘A Cadet’ s Diary’. The Director of the documentary was looking for a suitable song for the film. He happened to hear the song – ‘Ham Sab Hindi Hain’ which appears to have been first sung at a Youth Festival at Chandigarh, sometime during 1968-69, and introduced it in the documentary film.
The song was a hit and successive Director Generals (DGs) found it good and played it repeatedly in Republic Day camps. In 1980, the word ‘Hindi’ was substituted with ‘Bhartiya’. Come ASIAD (1982), and the NCC got the opportunity to display its potential in the opening ceremony. The Special Organising Committee approved trial recording of the song for recital during the Asian Games Festival. The song was finally recorded in its present form, sometime during Oct 1982, at the Western Outdoor Studio, Delhi with the help of AIR artists, and musicians under overall supervision of Pandit Vijai Raghavan Rao.
Post ASIAD era in the NCC saw among other events, a well composed musical hit and an inspiring NCC song being played and sung alongwith recorded music; a 16 mm colour film had also been made with title ‘Hum Sab Bhartiya Hain’ of 7½ minutes duration. This film had been telecast twice on national hook up. Other films, ‘Unity and Discipline’; ‘A Cadet’ s Diary, had also used this song prominently. The writer of this song seems to have been lost in oblivion. “No body knows” – said Shri SK Sharma, Joint Director, Armed Forces Film and Photo Division, who was actively involved with the production of documentaries on the NCC. “This song was not written for the NCC, as such, writes Shri Mathur, ex-publicity officer, DGNCC, in his notings on the file. But nobody has claimed it so far. Another noting speaks of Sri Virender Sharma as the lyrics writer, and Sri Vijai Raghavan Rao as the music composer.
This NCC song is liked by millions of cadets, both past and present, and is sung on all important occasions of the NCC.
NCC Song Lyrics
Hum Sab Bharatiya Hain, Hum Sab Bharatiya Hain
Apni Manzil Ek Hai,
Ha, Ha, Ha, Ek Hai,
Ho, Ho, Ho, Ek Hai.
Hum Sab Bharatiya Hain.
Kashmir Ki Dharti Rani Hai,
Sartaj Himalaya Hai,
Saadiyon Se Humne Isko Apne Khoon Se Pala Hai
Desh Ki Raksha Ki Khatir Hum Shamshir Utha Lenge,
Hum Shamshir Utha Lenge.
Bikhre Bikhre Taare Hain Hum Lekin Jhilmil Ek Hai,
Ha, Ha, Ha, Ek Hai
Hum Sab Bharatiya Hai.
Mandir Gurudwaare Bhi Hain Yahan
Aur Masjid Bhi Hai Yahan
Girija Ka Hai Ghariyaal Kahin
Mullah ki Kahin Hai Ajaan
Ek Hee Apna Ram Hain, Ek hi Allah Taala Hai,
Ek Hee Allah Taala Hain, Raang Birange Deepak Hain Hum,
lekin Jagmag Ek Hai, Ha Ha Ha Ek Hai, Ho Ho Ho Ek Hai.
Hum Sab Bharatiya Hain, Hum Sab Bharatiya Hain.
WE THE CADET OF THE NATIONAL CADET CORPS,
- DO SOLOEMNLY PLEDGE THAT WE SHALL ALWAYS UPHOLD THE UNITY OF INDIA.
- WE RESOLVE TO BE DISCIPLINED AND RESPONSIBLE CITIZEN OF OUR NATION.
- WE SHALL UNDERTAKE POSITIVE COMMUNITY SERVICE IN THE SPIRIT OF SELFLESSNESS
- AND CONCERN FOR OUR FELLOW BEINGS.
|Senior Under Officer|
|Cadet Under Officer|
|Company Quarter Master Sergeant|
The various types of camps conducted by the NCC are as follows:-
- Annual Training Camps/ Combined Annual Training Camps (ATC/CATC). These are held within the State under the aegis of respective NCC Directorates.
- Centrally Organised Camps (COC). These camps are of all India nature and are planned by Headquarter DGNCC in consultation with State NCC Directorates which conduct them. Selected cadets, as per the vacancies allotted to each Directorate, participate in these camps. The following types of centrally organised camps are conducted: –
(i) National Integration Camps (NIC)/ Special National Integration Camps (SNIC). National Integration Camps and Special National Integration Camps are conducted to make cadets understand and value the rich heritage of cultures that forge unity despite the diverse languages, traditions and religions of our country. These camps are conducted on an all India basis and help bridge the cultural gap among various states of India. 37 National Integration Camps are conducted every year. In addition, six Special NICs are conducted in the extremities of our country at Leh / Srinagar (J&K), Dimapur (North Eastern Region), Peddapuram (Kakinada), Badabagh (Jaisalmer), Lakshadweep and Port Blair.
(ii) Leadership Camps. Six Advance Leadership Camps (ALC), are conducted every year, which a total of 1350 cadets attend to focus on personality development, leadership skills and orientation for induction into the Armed Forces.
(iii) Thal Sainik Camp (TSC). Two TSCs are conducted at HQ DGCC Camp, Parade Ground, Delhi Cantt every year in Sep/Oct, one for SD/JD boys and other for SW/JW girls. 680 Boy and 680 Girl cadets take part in each camp.
(iv) Nau Sainik Camp. This camp is conducted annually for Naval Wing Cadets. Boat pulling regatta and sailing competitions are the main activities of this camp. 560 cadets attend the camp.
(v) Vayu Sainik Camp. This camp organised for Air Wing cadets, is attended by 600 cadets from all Directorates. VSC is generally conducted in the month of Oct and Inter Directorate competitions pertaining to air wing training are held during this camp.
(vi) Rock Climbing Training Camps (RCTC). Eight rock climbing camps are held each year to expose NCC cadets to the basics of rock climbing and to inculcate spirit of adventure. A total of 1080 cadets attend the camps.
Annual Republic Day Camp. The Annual Republic Day Camp (RDC) is held at Garrison Parade Ground, Delhi Cantt every year from 01 Jan to 29 Jan. 2070 selected NCC cadets from all States and Union Territories attend the camp. This camp represents all parts of India and is a ‘Mini India’ in itself. The camp is normally inaugurated by the Vice President of India in the first week of Jan and culminates with the Prime Minister’s Rally on 28 January. It is a matter of great pride for a cadet to be selected to represent his/ her state in the Republic Day Camp.
Prime Minister’s Rally. The Prime Minister’s Rally, the most prestigious event of the NCC Republic Day Camp is held on 28 January every year. The PM’s Rally commences with the Guard of Honour presented to Hon’ble Prime Minister by NCC Cadets. Contingents from all State NCC Directorate participate in the March Past. Social activities being undertaken by NCC are displayed in the form of tableaux. Approximately 3,000 cadets participate in this rally wherein they display their skills in equestrian, parasailing, band display, slithering and simulated Army action. Microlight Display by the NCC cadets is also conducted during the PM’s Rally. The PM’s Rally culminates with award of Prime Minister’s Banner to the winning Directorate by the Hon’ble Prime Minister. The events are witnessed by a number of dignitaries that include Hon’ble Raksha Mantri, Raksha Rajya Mantri, three Service Chiefs and the Defence Secretary.
Attachment Training. Cadets derive immense value through attachment to the Armed Forces Units where they experience the functioning of military units and life in armed forces units. Cadets of all wings go through a period of attachment with respective services of the Armed Forces as follows: –
- Army Units. 440 officers and 20,000 cadets attend attachment training with regular army units annually.
- Indian Military Academy/Officers Training Academy. 120 SD cadets undergo attachment training at Indian Military Academy, Dehradun and 48 SW cadets at Officers Training Academy, Chennai.
- Military Hospital Attachment. 1000 SW cadets are attached with various Military Hospitals for 12 days.
- Air Force Academy. 100 Air Wing NCC Cadets (76 SD and 24 SW) undergo attachment training with Air Force Academy, Dundigal which is conducted twice in a year for 13 days each in Jun and Oct. During this, cadets learn about the flying and ground training being imparted to the Flight cadets who join the IAF as officers. Special lectures are delivered on Air Power, Aviation Medicine and Technical subjects and cadets are exposed to Ground and Passive Air Defence training also.
(e) Various Air Force Stations. Every year 20 ANOs and 200 Cadets of the Air Wing are attached to various Air Force Stations for a period of 14 days. The main aim of this attachment is to give exposure to life in the IAF and motivate these selected cadets to take up a career in the IAF.
- Indian Naval Academy. 170 SW cadets of Naval Wing undergo attachment training with the Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala for 12 days in December every year.
- Naval Ship Attachment. 300 Cadets of Naval Wing embark on naval ships at Mumbai, Kochi and Visakhapatnam twice a year for sea training and attachment for a period of 12 days. Cadets are imparted intensive training in various naval subjects and get an opportunity to see naval exercises at sea.
Social Service and Community Development.
Social Service activities are structured to inspire and encourage the cadets to participate voluntarily towards improvement of their physical and social environment and channelize their energies in the task of nation building. The social service and community development activities include Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Tree Plantation, Anti-Drug Rally, Cancer Awareness, Disaster Relief, Blood Donation, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, AIDS Awareness, Care for the Blind, Traffic Control and other similar relevant contemporary social issues. The objectives of Social Service are as follows:-
- To teach the cadets the dignity of labour and to create in them an interest in constructive work which will be of use to the community.
- To set an example of selfless service and team work.
- To give a lead in organized work, with a view to utilizing to the maximum possible extent the available unused time, energy and other resources of our people and direct them in various fields of social and economic activity.
Youth Exchange Programme (YEP).
Selected NCC cadets participate in Youth Exchange Programme which is a country to country exchange of cadets belonging to NCC/ equivalent Govt/ youth organizations of friendly countries. They participate in NCC activities of the host country to create an increased awareness and appreciation of each other’s socio-economic and cultural realities. NCC has a vibrant YEP with ten countries. The benefits of this programme have been widely acknowledged. Our cadets share strong bond with our YEP partners. As of now more than 100 cadets proceed abroad on YEP annually.
Adventure Based Learning.
Adventure is the life blood of youth. Adventure training in the NCC provides knowledge to cadets of the topography as well as experience of different weather conditions and adventurous living under camp conditions. The whole aim is to inculcate a spirit of adventure, explorative inquisitiveness, develop stamina, endurance, discipline, courage, determination, comradeship, leadership leading to development of self-confidence, team spirit and spirit-de- corps amongst NCC cadets. NCC cadets are given the opportunity to participate in a host of adventure activities including Mountain Treks and Expeditions, Trekking, Parasailing, Sailing, Scuba Diving, Kayaking, Camel safari etc. Adventure based activities enable cadets to hone leadership skills and enhance their character qualities. Cadets with potential are given opportunities to participate in expeditions requiring higher degree of expertise and proficiency.
- NCC has been conducting two mountaineering expeditions every year, one each for the girl and boy cadets. Since 1970, the NCC has conducted 75 Mountaineering expeditions, of which 40 were for boys and 35 for girls.Mt Rudugaira (5819m), Mt Deo Tibba (6001m), Mt Gangotri I (6672m) and Mt Kamet (7746m) are some of the mountains that have been scaled by NCC cadets. History was created when the first ever Mt Everest Expedition of NCC Cadets (Boys) scaled the world’s highest peak in two batches on 19 and 20 May 2013.
- NCC is training a NCC Girls Expedition to climb Mt Everest (8848m) in 2016.
- All India Trekking Expedition. 29 Trekking Expedition are conducted annually with participation of 14500 Cadets from all State NCC Directorates.
- Camel Safari. Camel Safari is conducted by Rajasthan directorate in the deserts of Jaisalmer every year. 02 officersand 10 cadets from Singapore and 02 officers and 12 cadetsfrom Kazakhstan along with 20 Indian cadets participate in Camel Safari.
- Parasailing is conducted by the NCC Directorates giving cadets the thrill and experience of this adventure activity.
- Para Basic Course. Every year 40 boy & 40 girl cadetsattend Para Basic Course at Para Training School, Agra for a duration of 24 days.
- Cycle and Motor Cycle Rallies. A number of cycle and motorcycle rallies are conducted by different State NCC Directorate to spread the message of peace, harmony and national integration and educate the populace on health, community development and eradication of social evils.
(g) Sailing Expedition. NCC conducts Sailing Expeditions in State NCC Directorates
every year. 35 to 60 cadets participate in each expedition.
- Sea Sorties. Cadets are put on board Naval Ships for sea experience. In 2015, 245 Cdts have been on four sea sorties.
- Sports. NCC facilitates access to high potential sports like Football, Hockey and Shooting to talented cadets so as to hone their team and sports skills. NCC teams regularly participate and excel in National level events like Subroto Cup Football, Nehru Cup Hockey and National Shooting. NCC Cadets from all NCC Directorates actively participate in various sports activities at the National level as follows:-
- NCC National Games. NCC National Games were started in 2013, giving opportunity to the youth from NCC for exposure to competition and selection at the national level. This year 2100 Cadets from all over the country participated in eight disciplines from 06 to 18 Oct 2015.
- All India GV Mavlankar Shooting Competition. Firing being one of the important training activities of NCC, shooting discipline enjoys special place in NCC sporting activities. NCC conducts Inter State Directorate Shooting competition to select the NCC team to participate in the National Rifle Association of Indian (NRAI) events like All India GV Mavlankar Shooting Championship Competition and National Shooting Championship Competition every year. NCC shooting teams have been performing well in the event for the last many years.
- Equestrian Events. NCC cadets of Remount & Veterinary units participate in various National level equestrian competitions every year and have won many medals.
- Jawaharlal Nehru Cup Hockey Tournament. Four NCC teams in junior boys, sub junior boys and junior girls categories participate in the prestigious Jawaharlal Nehru Hockey Tournament every year.
- Subroto Cup Football Tournament. Three NCC teams in junior boys, sub Junior boys and junior girls categories participate in prestigious Subroto Cup Football Tournament.
- Sailing Regatta. Sailing Regatta is conducted every year at INS Chilka in Odisha. A total of 102 (51 SD and 51 SW ) cadets participate in this competition over a period of 08 days. A team from Bangladesh NCC comprising 01 Officer and 06 Cadets also participates.
(a) Institutional training conducted at Colleges and Schools is the mainstay of NCC training and is conducted by Associate NCC Officers and Armed Forces personnel. The syllabus comprises Common Subjects and Service Subjects in the ratio 70:30. While the Senior Wing/Division training is for three years and has 300 periods the Junior Wing/Division training is for two years and encompasses 240 periods of training. The training year is from 01 Apr to 31 March. Training schedules planned for cadets ensure that the optimum benefits of the organisation reach maximum number of cadets. Emphasis is on practical training. Case study method of instruction, wherever possible, is made to facilitate active participation and better assimilation.
(b) Institutional training includes basic military training to the cadets as part of the curriculum and prepares them to join the Armed Forces. It is conducted with the following specific purpose:-
(i) Firstly, to expose young cadets to a `regimental way of life’ which is essential to inculcate in them the values of discipline, duty, punctuality, orderliness, smartness, respect for the authorities, correct work ethos, and self- confidence.
(ii) Secondly, to generate interest in cadets by including and laying emphasis on those aspects of Institutional Training which attract young cadets into the NCC and provides them an element of thrill and excitement.
(iii) Thirdly, to inculcate Defence Services work ethos that is characterised by hard work, sincerity of purpose, honesty, ideal of selfless service, dignity of labour, secular outlook, comradeship, spirit of adventure and sportsmanship.
Camp training is the practical manifestation of institutional training. The basic aim of Camps is to introduce cadets to a regimented way of life and helps in developing camaraderie, team work, leadership qualities, self-confidence, self-reliance and dignity of labour in the cadets. The cadets are exposed to the excitement of camp life where they apply the theoretical knowledge that they had gained in Institutional Training. It is mandatory for Junior Division/ Junior Wing cadets to attend at least one camp and Senior Division/ Senior Wing cadets to attend a minimum of two camps during the period of their enrolment. NCC conducts over 1450 camps annually at an average frequency of more than 100 camps in a month. Each NCC Camp is structured for approximately 400 – 600 cadets with Instructional staff comprising three to four officers and 15-20 Associate NCC Officers (ANOs)/ Permanent Instructors (PI) Staff/ Whole Time Lady Officers (WTLOs)/ Girl Cadet Instructors (GCIs). More than 8 lakh cadets attend these camps each year. Republic Day camp is the acme of NCC training and is conducted in January every year.
On successful completion of the laid down syllabi, cadets of Junior Division/ Wing are eligible for ‘A’ certificate examination
cadets of Senior Division/Wing for ‘B’ & ‘C’ certificate examinations.
These are open for the cadets who have attended requisite number of periods and camps during their training.
What is National Cadet Corps ?
The National Cadet Corps (NCC) is a youth development movement. It has enormous potential for nation building. The NCC provides opportunities to the youth of the country for their all-round development with a sense of Duty, Commitment, Dedication, Discipline and Moral Values so that they become able leaders and useful citizens. The NCC provides exposure to the cadets in a wide range of activities., with a distinct emphasis on Social Services, Discipline and Adventure Training. The NCC is open to all regular students of schools and colleges on a voluntary basis. The students have no liability for active military service.
When did National Cadet Corps Come into existence?
The National Cadets Corps came into existence under the National Cadet Corps Act XXXI of 1948 (passed in April, 1948; came into existence on 16th July, 1948).
What is the nature of the NCC Programme, whether compulsory or voluntary?
Is the NCC Programme part of the Educational activity or is it a part of military activity?
What is/are the Aim(s) of NCC?
- To develop character, commandership, discipline , leadership, secular outlook , sprit of adventure and the ideals of selfless service amongst the youth of the country.
- To create a human resource of organized, trained and motivate youth to provide leadership in all walks of life and always available for the service of the nation .
- To provide a suitable environment to motivate the youth to take up a career in the Armed Forces.
What is the Motto of NCC?
The motto of NCC is:“ UNITY AND DISCIPLINE”.
What is the NCC symbol/insignia?
It is the NCC Crest in gold in the middle, with the letters “NCC”; encircled by a wreath of seventeen lotus with a background in Red, Blue and Light blue.
What does the colour Red depicts in the NCC Crest?
Red depicts the Army.
What do the colours Dark Blue and Light blue in the NCC Crest depict?
Deep Blue depicts the Navy and Light Blue depicts the Air Force.
What do the Lotus flowers depicts in NCC Crest?
The seventeen lotuses represent the 17 State Directorates.
When is the NCC Day observed?
The NCC Day is observed on the four Sunday of November.
Which Ministry at the National level deals with NCC?
The Ministry of Defence.
Which Ministry deals with NCC in all States?
What are the arrangements for Finances/Funds for NCC?
The funds are shared by the Central and State Govts.
What is Directorate General NCC?
It is the national level HQ.
What is the composition of Directorate General NCC?
It is headed by the Director General (DG), an Army Officer of the rank of Lieutnant General. The DG is assisted by two Additional Directors General (ADG), one a Major General from the Army and other a Rear Admiral from the Navy or an Air Vice Marshal from the Air Force. The Director General has a staff which is drawn from the three services – Army, Navy and Air Force. There are five Deputy Directors General (DD’sG) of the rank of Brigadier and equivalent, of which three are Brigadiers and one either a Commodore (Navy) or an Air Commodore (Air Force) and one a civilian officer.
Where is the NCC Headquarter at the National level located?
At New Delhi.
What is a NCC Directorate?
The NCC at the state level is divided into 17 Directorates, in which each state or group of states forms a Directorate. The smaller states and union territories are attached with Directorates of the bigger states. Each Directorate is under the command of an Officer equivalent to the rank of a Brigadier (being upgraded to the rank of Major General) or its equivalent from the other two Services.
What is a NCC Group?
The Directorates are further sub-divided into Groups, which varies according to the size of the state, each under the command of an Officer equivalent to the rank of Colonel (being upgraded to the rank of Brigadier). In all, there are 95 Group HQ’s in the country.
What is the composition of a NCC Group?
A Group consists of NCC Battalions, Air Force & Naval units. Other than the Group Commander, each Group HQ has an Administrative Officer and a Training Officer with ranks of either a Lieutenant Colonel or a Major.
What is a NCC unit and what is its composition?
The Groups are further sub-divided into Battalions, each commanded by a Lt Col or its equivalent from the other two Services, and an Officer of the rank of Lieutenant Colonel or Major as the Administrative Officer. Each Battalion also has a number of Junior Commissioned Officer’s (JCO’s) and Non-Commissioned Officer’s (NCO’s) known as “Permanent Instructors ( PI) Staff”, senior-most JCO being of the rank of Subedar Major.
What is the student in NCC known as?
A student enrolled into NCC is referred to as a “Cadet” [Section 6 of Act XXXI of 1948 refers
What in NCC is a Senior Division (SD)?
That Division of NCC, to which male students from Colleges and Plus Two institutions (XI and XII classes) are enrolled, is referred as a Senior Division (SD)
What in NCC is a Senior Wing (SW)?
That Division of NCC, to which female students from Colleges and Plus Two institutions (XI and XII classes) are enrolled, is referred as a Senior Wing (SW)
What in NCC is a Junior Division (JD)?
That Division of NCC, to which male students from schools (of 13 Years or more of age) are enrolled, is referred as a Junior Division (JD)
What is a NCC Company?
The basic functional sub-unit in colleges and Plus Two institutions, having SW/SD Cadets is a Company. It is mandatory that the cadets of a particular company are from the same institution having the sub-unit. However, there is a provision for a system of giving Open Vacancy specifically to a NCC Sub-unit of some institutions, as a special case, where students from other institutions which are not holding NCC can also join.
What is a NCC Troop?
The basic functional sub-unit in schools, having JW/JD Cadets, is a Troop.
How many NCC units can be allotted to an institution?
There are no fixed numbers
What are the Teacher’s/Instructors (at the Schools) and Lecturers/ Professors/ Instructors (at the Colleges) with the NCC known as?
They are referred to as: Associate NCC Officers (ANO’s).
Who is responsible for the conduct of NCC activities in an institution?
The ANO. He is in control of the cadets and is responsible to plan and organize training with the assistance of the Permanent Instructional (PI) staff, detailed by the NCC unit.
NCC Officer (ANO) is the main key functionary of NCC in Colleges/ Schools. What role does the Head Master/Principal play in the implementation of this program?
Since NCC is a part of the educational programme, the primary responsibility rests with the Principal/ Headmaster. Their close association with all the activities of the sub-unit in their institution will facilitate the former doing well. Periodic visit to parades, formal inspection of the sub unit once a month on a fixed day, visit to training camps in which his/her sub- unit is participating and so on will significantly contribute in achieving the Aims of the NCC programme
Do ANO’s get orientation training enabling them to undertake their NCC responsibilities?
What is the age limit for a student to join NCC?
For JD/JW Cadets : 12 -18.5 Years
For SD/SW Cadets : Upto 26 years of age.
Are there any Physical Criterion for a Student to join NCC? If so what are they?
Yes. They are specified at Rule 5(d) and 6(d) of the NCC Rules.
Are any fees to be paid for enrolment as an NCC Cadet?
No fees are to be paid. A token amount of money as yearly Regimental subscription and Cadet Welfare Society contribution is required to be paid by every cadet
What is the duration of the NCC Programme as an NCC Cadet?
For JD/JW Cadets: Two Years.
For SD/SW Cadets: Three Years with one year extension.
What is the uniform in NCC ?
Army cadets wear khaki uniform. Naval cadets wear white uniform of Navy. Air Force cadets wear blue uniform similar to the Air Force.
Is it compulsory to wear NCC uniform?
As a JD/JW Cadet what NCC certificate will I earn?
As a SD/SW cadet what NCC certificate(s) will I earn?
‘B’and ‘C’ Certificates.
Is it compulsory to attend NCC Camps?
What are the various types of Camps in NCC?
(a) Annual Training Camp (ATC)
(b) Centrally Organised Camps (COC)
(i) Leadership Camps
(ii) Vayu Sainik Camp
(iii) Nau Sainik Camp
(iv) Rock Climbing Camps
(v) National Integration Camps (NIC)
(vi) Thal Sainik Camps(TSC)
What sort of activities are undertaken in NCC?
Activities in NCC are categorized as under:-
(a) Institutional Training
(b) Camp Training
(c) Attachment Training (Service Unit)
(d) Air wing Training
(e) Naval wing Training
(f) Social Service and Community Development Activities.
(g) Youth Exchange Program
(h) Conduct of Republic Day Camp
(i) Conduct of course at OTA Kamptee and OTA Gwalior for ANO’s.
(j) Career Counselling and Personality Development..
(k) Remount & Veterinary Unit Training.
(l) Conduct of Certificate Examinations.
(m) Conduct of Adventure Activities.
Can I get any award for some extraordinary work/performance?
Merit and extraordinary work/performance is duly recognized at every level (at the Sub-Unit/ Unit/ Group/ Directorate/ HQ DGNCC levels) and is adequately rewarded/awarded in the NCC. For details contact you’re OC/CO Unit
Can I get any chance for visiting other States in the country or abroad? How?
Yes. If you are selected for Centrally Organised Camps/ Youth Exchange Programme
How will NCC be useful in developing my personality?
Please see the Aims of NCC at FAQ 5.
How can I participate in the Republic Day Parade at Rajpath in New Delhi?
A cadet selected as a member of the Directorate contingent, for the Republic Day Camp at Delhi, can be selected for the Republic Day Parade at Rajpath in New Delhi.
Does NCC organize National Integration Camps?
Does NCC celebrate International and National days, Weeks etc ?
Am I supposed to participate in election campaigns, rallies as an NCC Cadet?
Am I supposed to administer injections during immunization programmes ?
Can I involve myself in ‘Tree Plantations’; How many saplings will I have to plant in a year and will I get any certificate?
Yes. There are no fixed numbers. A certificate is awarded.
Can I donate blood during Blood Donation camps?
Is it compulsory to donate blood for an NCC cadet?
Is it compulsory to donate organs for an NCC cadet?
Is Army, Air Force and Navy training given to an NCC cadet, and if so with what purpose?
Yes. It exposes cadets to a regimented way of life which is essential for inculcating the values of discipline, dutifulness, punctuality, orderliness, smartness, respect for rightful authority, good and correct work ethos and self-confidence
If I join NCC is it compulsory for me to join the Armed Forces thereafter?
How many States/UT does NCC cover all over the country?
All the states and Union Territories.
Is this scheme applicable to only Govt Schools & Colleges?
No. However financial arrangements, with regard to expenditures varies depending on the type of the institution.
What sort of remuneration does an ANO get in NCC?
Remunerations received are:-
(a) Monthly Honorarium.
(b) Outfit Allowance.
(c) Outfit Maintenance Allowance.
(d) Travel and Messing Expenses for Pre-commission and Refresher courses.
(e) Rank Pay during Camps.
(f) TA and DA for journey for move to/ move back from camps.
Do NCC units have any connection with other voluntary organizations?
Yes; in implementing Community Development and Social service activities
Are NCC cadets exposed to work in Natural disasters & calamities?
Yes. With permission of parents of cadets.
Can I ever get any chance to meet some eminent personalities/ celebrities while working in NCC?
Further Details: http://nccindia.nic.in/en
Lt. Shyam Sharma
Associate NCC Officer
2 TN Artillery Battery NCC
Rathinam College of Arts & Science
Eachanari, Coimbtore -21